The Civil Aviation Authority – its roles and history
Since its formation in 1972, the UK’s Civil Aviation Authority, or CAA, has been responsible for overseeing aviation in Britain, including airlines and pilots, aircraft producers and engineers, and air traffic controllers and aerodromes. The CAA also regulates what are known as Air Travel Organisers’ Licences, which must be held by all travel companies in the UK. As the CAA oversees all types of aircraft in Britain, this means that hot air balloons and their pilots have to comply with CAA regulations to remain within the law.
Origins of the Civil Aviation Authority
The CAA came into being as an independent regulator and public corporation in 1972, before which a body known as the Air Registration Board was responsible for regulating aviation. The establishment of the new authority was recommended by a Parliamentary committee and was associated with regulations contained within the Civil Aviation Act 1971. Since then, the Civil Aviation Act of 1982 has superseded the 1971 version and, in 2001, air traffic control became a separate organisation under public/private partnership.
What the Civil Aviation Authority does
The CAA has an important ongoing role in improving aviation safety standards. It constantly attempts to bring about lasting improvements in aviation systems, the culture of aviation, its capabilities, and any processes that are carried out. It also tries to meet certain standards as an organisation, aiming to remain efficient as well as effective.
On behalf of passengers, the CAA promotes competition with the aim of providing better value flights, more options and protection from risk. Another role of the CAA is to reduce the effect that the aviation industry has on the environment. A subsidiary company, known as CAA International, provides technical advice worldwide covering a variety of aviation activities, as well as training and certification, safety standards, and environmental consulting.
How the CAA regulates hot air ballooning
According to CAA regulations, all hot air balloon pilots who are involved in commercial work that involves transporting members of the public are required to hold a Commercial Pilot’s Licence as well as a licence known as the AOC(B), where AOC stands for Air Operator Certificate. Balloon pilots who hold such licences are then audited regularly by the CAA and their hot air balloons – which must hold Certificates of Airworthiness – are also inspected by the BBAC, or British Balloon and Airship Club.
The operators of commercial balloon flights are required to keep logs that document the loading and condition of the balloon prior to each flight. Certain items of safety equipment must always be carried, including a first aid kit and fire extinguisher, an alternative ignition method, restraint harnesses for landing and protective gloves.
Items that are also advisable include safety helmets for use in some flying conditions, and binoculars, which are used to spot potential dangers such as power lines. Life jackets may be carried for flights over large expanses of water. As well as enforcing regulations, the CAA also provides safety leaflets for balloon pilots which offer useful guidance, ensuring that UK balloon flights take place in a manner that prioritises the well-being of passengers.